Safar is the second month of the Islamic (hijri) calendar, the first being the sacred month of Muharram which is one of the four sacred months of the year, ordained by Allah (SWT). Although every minute, hour, week and month of life holds precious opportunities for the Believer, the month of Safar does not offer any specifically significant religious dates for Muslims. It is, however, a period of historical significance due to the events that occurred in the life of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW).


What is Safar?

The month of Safar is the second month of the Islamic (hijri) calendar. It holds no specific significance from a religious perspective, but there are some interesting historical facts about Safar and in particular, the practices of the Mushrikeen in times of Jahiliyyah (the Age of Ignorance). It is said that the month was called Safar by Arabs of the pre-Islamic period. This is because the word comes from the same root letters as the word in Arabic for travel. Thus it was named to indicate that the Makkans would leave Makkah and travel during this month.. Their  homes would be left ‘empty’ as people travelled out of the town to seek provisions during the winter season, leaving the month open to several misconceptions and superstitions associated with scarcity during pre-Islamic times.


When is Safar?

The month of Safar will begin again on the 29th August 2022. It is the second month of the Hijri calendar and therefore comes after the sacred month of Muharram.

Historically, the month of Safar was when an assassination attempt against the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) took place.

On the 27th day of Safar, a group of individuals from every sub-clan of Quraysh attempted to assassinate the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), by manning the exit of his home in order to prevent him from making Hijrah to Medina and spreading the message of Islam. 

The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) survived due to a pre-warning and had his cousin, the brave companion Ali bin Abi Talib (ra) sleep in his bed in his stead, to confuse the dastardly assassins. When the assassins saw Ali (ra) coming out in the morning, they held back from striking and realised that the Prophet (pbuh) had escaped.The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was able to flee Makkah and the attempted assassination and begin building the foundations of his mosque in the beautiful city of Medina.

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Page last reviewed: 07 February 2022

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