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Answering Your Qurbani Questions: What is Qurbani?

Qurbani, which is also known as Udhiyyah, means sacrifice, and describes the slaughter of an animal for the sake of Allah (SWT) during the holy month of Dhul Hijjah. The animals that qualify for the Qurbani are sheep, cows, goats, and camels.

The days of the Qurbani are on the 10th, 11th, and 12th of Dhul Hijjah, these days also coincide with the religious festival of Eid al-Adha. The 10th of Dhul Hijjah is widely considered to be the best day for Qurbani since it is the first day of Eid Al-Adha. The Qurbani deadline ends at sunset of the 12th Dhul Hijjah and it is extremely important that the Qurbani is done within the prescribed timeframe.

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:

 “Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before the prayer, he just slaughtered it for himself, and whoever slaughtered it after the prayer, he slaughtered it at the right time and followed the tradition of the Muslims.”  Hadith | Sahih Bukhari

Is Qurbani Compulsory?

In the Hanafi school of thought, the Qurbani is compulsory (wajib) for every non-travelling, adult Muslim who can afford the current level of threshold (nisab) during the days of Qurbani. However, in the Shafi’i, Hanbali and Maliki schools, Qurbani is sunnah mu’akadah – this means that it is highly recommended as a confirmed Sunnah, but it is not compulsory.qurbani 2022 qurbani+ qurbani plus prophetic qurbani donate qurbani give qurbani islamic relief qurbani

What is the purpose of Qurbani?

Qurbani is there to remind us of the spirit of sacrifice that Ibrahim (AS) embodied during his trial. We are called to sacrifice specific animals each year during the days of Eid Al Adha!

This sacrifice commemorates the actions of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS), which was affirmed by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who reminded the Muslims that divine satisfaction is hidden behind veils of sacrifice and patience (sabr).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“It is the Sunnah of your father Ibrahim (AS). For every hair of the Qurbani, you receive a reward from Allah ﷻ” Hadith | Tirmidhi

It is recommended to distribute and consume the meat in thirds; one third for yourself and your family, your one third for relatives and friends, and one third to those in need. The purpose of Qurbani is not intended to alleviate poverty, but rather to bring the symbol of Islam to life in our midst.

Allah (SWT) says the following in Surah Al-Hajj:

وَلِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍۢ جَعَلْنَا مَنسَكًۭا لِّيَذْكُرُوا۟ ٱسْمَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَىٰ مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّنۢ بَهِيمَةِ ٱلْأَنْعَـٰمِ ۗ فَإِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌۭ وَٰحِدٌۭ فَلَهُۥٓ أَسْلِمُوا۟ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ” “ٱلْمُخْبِتِينَ


“For every community, we appointed a rite of sacrifice so that they may pronounce the Name of Allah over the sacrificial animals He has provided for them. For your God is only One God, so submit yourselves to Him ˹alone˺. And give good news ˹O Prophet˺ to the humble.”

Qur’an: 22:34

The Prophetic Qurbani

When we offer a Prophetic Qurbani, we follow in the footsteps of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Yes, we’re following The Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Sunnah. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) offered Qurbani for the sake of Allah (SWT). However, he didn’t just give one Qurbani to fulfil his duty to Allah (SWT) – he gave two!

It is strongly encouraged that the one who intends to give the Qurbani does not cut their hair or nails, starting from the first day of Dhul-Hijjah up until after the sacrifice.

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:

“When the ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah) start, and one of you intends to sacrifice, then let him not cut his hair or his nails.” Hadith | Muslim

Qurbani missed in previous years

If you find that you have missed Qurbani in previous years you can make up for this by sacrificing additional animals. You will have to calculate how many years you’ve missed, and this will let you know how many animals to sacrifice. Islamic Relief can help you with this as we operate a global Qurbani project – you simply need to do your Qurbani with us online!

It is also permissible to offer the Qurbani on behalf of a deceased person, but it is important to make your Qurbani first. This year, the day of Arafah is expected to fall on Friday 8th of July 2022, InshaAllah. On this day it is highly recommended to fast.

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