Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) for one person
Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) for two people
Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) for three people
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What is Fitrana (Zakat ul Fitr)?

Fitrana is a charitable donation of food that must be given before Eid prayer, before the end of the month of Ramadan, for the love of Allah (SWT). Fitrana must also be given by every self-supporting adult Muslim who has food in excess of their needs, on behalf of themselves and their dependants.

Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained Zakat ul Fitr [Fitrana] to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakat for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere Sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer.” [Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah]

 

The quantity is described by the Prophet (SAW) as one saa’ of food – one saa’ is equivalent to four madd. A madd is the amount that can be scooped up when one puts their hands together. If we translate this into a monetary value based on the price of a staple food such as flour or rice, it is approximately £5. Therefore the amount due for each person is £5.

zakat ul fitr fitrana

As Islamic Relief acts a charitable agent, we can therefore be given the money to pay for the food beforehand which we will then spend where needed at the correct time to buy the food stuffs. This will be distributed among those people around the world that are in need.

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Fitrana FAQs

What is Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana), and why is it paid?

Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) is incumbent on every Muslim who possesses one saa’* of food which is not needed as a basic necessity for themselves self or their family for the duration of one day and night.

*The quantity is described the Prophet (SAW) as one saa’ of food. One saa’ is equivalent to four madd.  A madd is the amount that can be scooped up when one puts their hands together.

Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained Zakat ul Fitr to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakat for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere Sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer.” [Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah]

How much is Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana)?

At the time of the Prophet (SAW) Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) would be given as one saa’. The quantity is described the Prophet (SAW) as one saa’ of food. One saa’ is equivalent to four madd.

A madd is the amount that can be scooped up when one puts their hands together.

If we translate this into a monetary value based on the price of a staple food such as flour or rice, it is approximately £5. Therefore, the amount due for each person is £5.

When should Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) be paid?

Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) must be paid within the month of Ramadan. The latest it can be paid is before the Eid prayer begins so that those in need can benefit in time for Eid.

Ibn Abbas narrates:

“It is accepted as Zakat for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere Sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer.” [Abu Dawud]

Who has to pay Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana)?

Any Muslim who has food in excess of their needs must pay Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana).

Unlike Zakat, it is a duty on everyone in your household. Therefore, the head of the household, or parents and guardians, can pay on behalf of other members of the family.

Do children have to pay?

It is compulsory for every member of a household including children and babies to pay Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana). However, parents/guardians may pay on behalf of their children/dependents.

Who are the recipients of Fitrana?

The majority of scholars hold the opinion that only the first two categories of the recipients of Zakat can receive Fitrana.

Fitrana FAQs : Miscellaneous

Can I pay Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) late if I forget?

One of the conditions of Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana) is that it must be paid before the Eid prayer. If paid after it will be treated as Sadaqah, therefore the reward will be lesser.

What do you mean when you say Islamic Relief acts as an agent and how does this allow me to pay in currency?

An agent is someone who facilitates your paying of Fitrana (Zakat ul Fitr) because they are better placed to distribute it. You can pay them in currency because it is as if you are asking them to pay on your behalf. We use that money to buy the food which we give to the appropriate recipients, therefore, it is as if you are the one giving food rather than currency.

Can you take Fitrana before the 27th of Ramadan?

Yes you can, according to the Hanafi Madh-hab. The Shafi’i Madh-hab also follows follows this ruling.

Visit our Zakat page or watch this YouTube video series for answers on frequently asked questions around Zakat.

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