You must pay a charitable compensation if you miss any fasts during Ramadan. You must pay kaffarah for fasts missed unnecessarily. However, for any fasts missed out of necessity, and that cannot be made up afterwards, fidya (fidyah) must be paid.
What is kaffarah?
Kaffarah is the compensation that you must pay if you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.
How much is kaffarah for Ramadan 2021?
To atone for the missed/intentionally broken fast, you must fast continuously for 60 days. If you are unable to do that, then you have to feed 60 poor people at a rate of £5 per person (the cost of an average meal in the UK). Therefore, this amounts to £300 for each missed/intentionally broken fast.
The amount required to be paid for one missed fast is £300 (60 x £5). Therefore to calculate how much you need to pay, multiply £300 by the number of fasts you have missed or broken intentionally.
Kaffarah for breaking a promise in Islam
Paying a kaffarah is necessary for breaking a promise/oath. Therefore, for redemption of a broken oath, you must ask Allah SWT for forgiveness, and pay the amount equivalent to feeding 10 people at a rate of £5 per person (the cost of an average meal in the UK). Therefore, the amount to be paid for a broken promise amounts to £50.
Donate Kaffarah for oath
What is the difference between Kaffarah and Fidya?
Kaffarah is paid if you deliberately miss or break a fast without a valid reason. However, fidya is only paid if you miss a fast but have a valid reason to do so. The amount paid in kaffarah for each missed fast is the equivalent of feeding 60 people. However, when paying fidya, the payment for each missed fast is equivalent to feeding one person.
What is Kaffarah in Islam?
It must be paid for fasts deliberately missed in Ramadan, however if there is a valid reason, then fidya must be paid. Therefore, this penalty is much higher than that of fidya and should be avoided where possible.
When to pay Kaffarah?
It can be paid at any time throughout the year if an individual has missed any fasts during the holy month of Ramadan unnecessarily. They are required to pay kaffarah which is an obligatory penalty.