If you don’t fast for any of the days of Ramadan, you’ll be required to pay a charitable form of compensation. You must pay fidya (fidyah) for fasts missed out of necessity, that cannot be made up afterwards. However, for any fasts missed unnecessarily, you’ll need to pay kaffarah.

Fidya (Fidyah)

What is fidya?

When someone cannot fast in Ramadan and can’t make up the lost days afterwards (for example, because of ill health or pregnancy), then they should pay (fidya) for someone else to be fed.

How much do I need to pay?

£5 fidya for each missed fast. This should provide one person with two meals or two people with one meal. However, if someone misses all the fasts of Ramadan, they would need to pay £150.

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Fidyah for one missed fast
Fidyah for two missed fasts
Fidyah for three missed fasts
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What is kaffarah?

Kaffarah is the compensation that you must pay if you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.

What is the required payment?

To atone for the missed/intentionally broken fast, a person must fast continuously for 60 days. If they are unable to do that, then they have to feed 60 poor people at a rate of £5 per person (the cost of an average meal in the UK). Therefore this amounts to £300 kaffarah for each missed/intentionally broken fast.

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Kaffarah for one broken fast
Kaffarah for two broken fasts
Kaffarah for three broken fasts
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Frequently Asked Questions

What is Fidya in Islam?

Fidya (fidyah) is a religious donation to help those in need. It is only paid when someone is unable to fast during Ramadan due to medical conditions / pregnancy or any other valid reasons such as a prolonged illness, and will therefore not be able to make up for the fast. In Ramadan, the Fidya must be paid for each fast missed.

What is Kaffarah in Islam?

Kaffarah is paid for fasts missed deliberately in Ramadan, however if you have a valid reason, then you must pay fidya. The kaffarah penalty is much higher than that of fidya and should be avoided where possible.

Fidya: Frequently Asked Questions

How much is Fidya for Ramadan 2020?

The fidya amount to be paid for each missed fast is £5. Therefore, if you are unable to fast for the full duration of Ramadan, then the total fidya you must pay is [30 x £5]. If Ramadan is 30 days, then the full fidya due would be £150.

When to pay Fidya?

You’re supposed to pay it before you miss a fast, or before Ramadan if you know you can’t participate for the whole month.

Is Fidya compulsory?

Fasting during Ramadan is an obligation on all able Muslims and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Muslims must pay kaffarah or fidya when missing this fundamental aspects of Islam, with a valid reason or not. Charity, as well as compulsory payments like these, emphasise just what an important aspect of Islam the holy month of Ramadan is.

Kaffarah: Frequently Asked Questions

How much is Kaffarah for breaking fast?

To atone for the missed/intentionally broken fast, a person must fast continuously for 60 days. If they are unable to do that, then they have to feed 60 poor people. This amounts to £300 kaffarah for each missed/intentionally broken fast (at a rate of £5 per person – the cost of an average meal in the UK).

When to pay Kaffarah?

Kaffarah can be paid at any time throughout the year if an individual has missed any fasts during the holy month of Ramadan unnecessarily. They are required to pay kaffarah which is an obligatory penalty.

Is Kaffarah compulsory?

Fasting during Ramadan is an obligation on all able Muslims and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Muslims must pay kaffarah or fidya when missing this fundamental aspects of Islam, with a valid reason or not. Charity, as well as compulsory payments like these, emphasise just what an important aspect of Islam the holy month of Ramadan is.

How to donate Fidya or Kaffarah

How to pay Fidya?

Fidya is a donation that must be paid to feed the poor for not making up fasts missed in Ramadan on time. £5 should be paid for each missed fast. Donations can be made online.

How to pay Kaffarah?

Kaffarah is a donation that must be paid to feed the poor for not making up fasts missed in Ramadan on time. £300 should be paid for each deliberately missed fast. Donations can be made online.

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