If you don’t fast for any of the days of Ramadan, you’ll be required to pay a charitable form of compensation. You must pay fidya (fidyah) for fasts missed out of necessity, that cannot be made up afterwards.
However, for any fasts missed unnecessarily, you’ll need to pay kaffarah.
What is fidya?
When someone cannot fast in Ramadan and can’t make up the lost days afterwards (for example, because of ill health or pregnancy), then they should pay (fidya) for someone else to be fed.
Why is Fidya important in Islam?
To make up for missing fasts Ramadan is a commandment from Allah SWT.
Fasting is for a fixed number of days, and if one of you be sick, or if one of you be on a journey, you will fast the same number of other days later on. For those who are capable of fasting (but still do not fast) there is a redemption: feeding a needy man for each day missed. Whoever voluntarily does more good than is required, will find it better for him; and that you should fast is better for you, if you only know.
Note: Fidya is primarily for those who are suffering from long term illness or unable to fast due to old age (many scholars also include pregnancy in this category), and are not able to make up the fasts after Ramadan.
The Fidya amount required to be paid for one missed fast (which cannot be made up afterwards) is £5. To calculate how much fidya you need to pay, multiply £5 by the number of fasts you have missed out of necessity.
How much is Fidya for Ramadan 2021?
£5 fidya for each missed fast. This should provide one person with two meals or two people with one meal. However, if someone misses all the fasts of Ramadan, they would need to pay £150.
What is the difference between Fidya and Kaffarah?
Fidya is paid for deliberately missing a fast with a valid reason to do so, however, kaffarah is only paid if you miss or break a fast without a valid reason. The amount paid in fidya for each missed fast is equivalent to feeding one person. However, when paying kaffarah, the payment for each missed fast is the equivalent of feeding 60 people.
Who is eligible for Fidya?
You are eligible to pay fidya if you have missed or are exempt from fasting due to pregnancy, illness, old age or any other reason which prevents you from making the fasts up later.
Who can receive fidyah?
Fidyah is to be given only to the poor and needy, not to everyone. Scholars consider fidyah to be like zakat, therefore those entitled to receive fidyah are regarded as being among those who are entitled to zakat.
What is Fidya in Islam?
Fidya (fidyah) is a religious donation to help those in need. It is only paid when someone is unable to fast during Ramadan due to medical conditions, pregnancy or any other valid reasons such as a prolonged illness, and will not be able to make up the fast.