Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained zakatul-fitr to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy. It is accepted as zakah for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer.”[Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah].
Zakat ul Fitr must be paid before the Eid prayer. It is to be paid in the form of what is considered as staple foods of the community.
As Islamic Relief acts as an agent, we can be given the money to pay for the food beforehand which we will than spend where needed at the correct time to buy the food stuffs and distribute among those people around the world that are in need.
The quantity the Prophet (SAWS) described as one saa’ of food. One saa’ is equivalent to four madd. A madd is the amount that can be scooped up when one puts their hands together. If we translate this into a monetary value based on the price of a staple food such as flour or rice, it is approximately £5.
Therefore the amount due for each person is £5.